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NOG recombinant protein :: Noggin Recombinant Protein

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Catalog # MBS539588
Unit / Price
  0.02 mg  /  $310 +1 FREE 8GB USB
NOG recombinant protein
Product Name

Noggin, Recombinant Protein

Also Known As

Noggin protein

Product Synonym Names
SYM 1 protein; SYNS 1 protein; SYM1 protein; SYNS1 protein; Synostoses (multiple) syndrome 1 protein; NOG protein; Symphalangism 1 (proximal) protein
Research Use Only
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
Sequence Length
232
OMIM
184460
3D Structure
ModBase 3D Structure for Q13253
Host
Human
Purity/Purification
> 95% pure
Form/Format
Supplied as a lyophilized powder.
Protein Type
Recombinant
Biological Significance
Noggin belongs to a group of diffusible proteins which bind to ligands of the TGF beta family and regulate their activity by inhibiting their access to signaling receptors. The interplay between TGF beta ligands and their natural antagonists has major biological significance during development processes, in which cellular response can vary considerably depending upon the local concentration of the signaling molecule. Noggin was originally identified as a BMP-4 antagonist whose action is critical for proper formation of the head and other dorsal structures. Consequently, Noggin has been shown to modulate the activities of other BMPs including BMP-2, -7, -13, and -14. Targeted deletion of Noggin in mice results in prenatal death and recessive phenotype displaying a severely malformed skeletal system.
Endotoxin Levels
Endotoxin level is less than 0.1 ng per ug (1 EU/ug).
Expression System
E Coli
Preparation and Storage
Store at 4 degree C until reconstitution. Following reconstitution aliquot and freeze at -20 degree C for long term storage. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
Other Notes
Small volumes of NOG recombinant protein vial(s) may occasionally become entrapped in the seal of the product vial during shipment and storage. If necessary, briefly centrifuge the vial on a tabletop centrifuge to dislodge any liquid in the container`s cap. Certain products may require to ship with dry ice and additional dry ice fee may apply.
Related Product Information for
NOG recombinant protein
Purified recombinant Human Noggin protein
Applications Tested/Suitable for NOG recombinant protein
User optimized
NCBI/Uniprot data below describe general gene information for NOG. It may not necessarily be applicable to this product.
NCBI GI #
NCBI GeneID
NCBI Accession #
UniProt Primary Accession #
UniProt Related Accession #
Molecular Weight
NCBI Official Full Name
noggin
NCBI Official Synonym Full Names
noggin
NCBI Official Symbol
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols
SYM1; SYNS1
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NCBI Protein Information
noggin
UniProt Protein Name
Noggin
Protein Family
UniProt Gene Name
UniProt Entry Name
NOGG_HUMAN
NCBI Summary for NOG
The secreted polypeptide, encoded by this gene, binds and inactivates members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily signaling proteins, such as bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP4). By diffusing through extracellular matrices more efficiently than members of the TGF-beta superfamily, this protein may have a principal role in creating morphogenic gradients. The protein appears to have pleiotropic effect, both early in development as well as in later stages. It was originally isolated from Xenopus based on its ability to restore normal dorsal-ventral body axis in embryos that had been artificially ventralized by UV treatment. The results of the mouse knockout of the ortholog suggest that it is involved in numerous developmental processes, such as neural tube fusion and joint formation. Recently, several dominant human NOG mutations in unrelated families with proximal symphalangism (SYM1) and multiple synostoses syndrome (SYNS1) were identified; both SYM1 and SYNS1 have multiple joint fusion as their principal feature, and map to the same region (17q22) as this gene. All of these mutations altered evolutionarily conserved amino acid residues. The amino acid sequence of this human gene is highly homologous to that of Xenopus, rat and mouse. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
UniProt Comments for NOG
NOG: Essential for cartilage morphogenesis and joint formation. Inhibitor of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) signaling which is required for growth and patterning of the neural tube and somite. Defects in NOG are a cause of symphalangism proximal syndrome (SYM1). SYM1 is characterized by the hereditary absence of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints (Cushing symphalangism). Severity of PIP joint involvement diminishes towards the radial side. Distal interphalangeal joints are less frequently involved and metacarpophalangeal joints are rarely affected whereas carpal bone malformation and fusion are common. In the lower extremities, tarsal bone coalition is common. Conducive hearing loss is seen and is due to fusion of the stapes to the petrous part of the temporal bone. Defects in NOG are the cause of multiple synostoses syndrome type 1 (SYNS1); also known as synostoses, multiple, with brachydactyly/symphalangism-brachydactyly syndrome. SYNS1 is characterized by tubular-shaped (hemicylindrical) nose with lack of alar flare, otosclerotic deafness, and multiple progressive joint fusions commencing in the hand. The joint fusions are progressive, commencing in the fifth proximal interphalangeal joint in early childhood (or at birth in some individuals) and progressing in an ulnar-to-radial and proximal- to-distal direction. With increasing age, ankylosis of other joints, including the cervical vertebrae, hips, and humeroradial joints, develop. Defects in NOG are the cause of tarsal-carpal coalition syndrome (TCC). TCC is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by fusion of the carpals, tarsals and phalanges, short first metacarpals causing brachydactyly, and humeroradial fusion. TCC is allelic to SYM1, and different mutations in NOG can result in either TCC or SYM1 in different families. Defects in NOG are a cause of stapes ankylosis with broad thumb and toes (SABTS); also known as Teunissen- Cremers syndrome. SABTS is a congenital autosomal dominant disorder that includes hyperopia, a hemicylindrical nose, broad thumbs, great toes, and other minor skeletal anomalies but lacked carpal and tarsal fusion and symphalangism. Defects in NOG are the cause of brachydactyly type B2 (BDB2). BDB2 is a subtype of brachydactyly characterized by hypoplasia/aplasia of distal phalanges in combination with distal symphalangism, fusion of carpal/tarsal bones, and partial cutaneous syndactyly. Belongs to the noggin family.

Protein type: Secreted; Secreted, signal peptide

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 17q22

Cellular Component: extracellular space; extracellular region

Molecular Function: protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; cytokine binding

Biological Process: limb development; wound healing; somatic stem cell maintenance; embryonic skeletal development; motor axon guidance; middle ear morphogenesis; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; negative regulation of BMP signaling pathway; BMP signaling pathway; notochord morphogenesis; cell differentiation in hindbrain; negative regulation of cardiac muscle cell proliferation; axial mesoderm development; negative regulation of osteoblast differentiation; negative regulation of cell migration; skeletal development; nervous system development; in utero embryonic development; neural plate morphogenesis; osteoblast differentiation; dorsal/ventral pattern formation; mesoderm formation; endoderm formation; pituitary gland development; spinal cord development; cartilage development; neural tube closure; negative regulation of astrocyte differentiation; epithelial to mesenchymal transition; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; embryonic digit morphogenesis; positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation

Disease: Stapes Ankylosis With Broad Thumb And Toes; Symphalangism, Proximal, 1a; Brachydactyly, Type B2; Tarsal-carpal Coalition Syndrome; Multiple Synostoses Syndrome 1
Precautions
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Disclaimer
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