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anti-PKM2 antibody :: Rabbit PKM2 Polyclonal Antibody

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Catalog # MBS9606732
Unit / Price
  0.1 mL  /  $255 +1 FREE 8GB USB
  0.2 mL  /  $295 +1 FREE 8GB USB
Product Name

PKM2, Polyclonal Antibody

Popular Item
Also Known As

PKM2 Antibody

Product Synonym Names
CTHBP; Cytosolic thyroid hormone binding protein; Cytosolic thyroid hormone-binding protein; KPYM_HUMAN; MGC3932; OIP 3; OIP-3; OIP3; OPA interacting protein 3; Opa-interacting protein 3; p58; PK muscle type; PK, muscle type; PK2; PK3; PKM; PKM2; pykm; Pyruvate kinase 2/3; Pyruvate kinase 3; Pyruvate kinase isozymes M1/M2; Pyruvate kinase muscle; Pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme; pyruvate kinase PKM; Pyruvate kinase, muscle 2; TCB; THBP1; Thyroid hormone binding protein 1; Thyroid hormone binding protein cytosolic; Thyroid hormone-binding protein 1; Tumor M2 PK; Tumor M2-PK
Product Synonym Gene Name
Research Use Only
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
Immunogen Sequence Length
605
3D Structure
ModBase 3D Structure for P14618
Clonality
Polyclonal
Isotype
IgG
Host
Rabbit
Species Reactivity
Human, Mouse, Rat
Specificity
PKM2 antibody detects endogenous levels of total PKM2
Purity/Purification
The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink Coupling Resin.
Form/Format
Liquid
Phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.
Concentration
1mg/ml (lot specific)
Immunogen
A synthesized peptide derived from human PKM2
Subcellular Location
Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Translocates to the nucleus in response to different apoptotic stimuli. Nuclear translocation is sufficient to induce cell death that is caspase independent, isoform-specific and independent of its enzymatic actvity.
Tissue Specificity
Specifically expressed in proliferating cells, such as embryonic stem cells, embryonic carcinoma cells, as well as cancer cells.
Conjugation
Unconjugated
Preparation and Storage
Store at -20 degree C. Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.
ISO Certification
Manufactured in an ISO 9001:2015 Certified Laboratory.
Supply Chain Verification
Manufactured in a lab with traceable raw materials. Bulk orders can typically be prepared to the customer’s specifications, please inquire.
Other Notes
Small volumes of anti-PKM2 antibody vial(s) may occasionally become entrapped in the seal of the product vial during shipment and storage. If necessary, briefly centrifuge the vial on a tabletop centrifuge to dislodge any liquid in the container`s cap. Certain products may require to ship with dry ice and additional dry ice fee may apply.
Related Product Information for
anti-PKM2 antibody
Description: Pyruvate kinase, a glycolytic enzyme, catalyses the conversion of phosphoenolpyruvate to pyruvate. In mammals, the M1 isoform (PKM1) is expressed in most adult tissues (1). The M2 isoform (PKM2), an alternatively-spliced variant of M1, is expressed during embryonic development (1). Studies found that cancer cells exclusively express PKM2 (1-3). PKM2 is shown to be essential for aerobic glycolysis in tumors (Warburg effect) (1). When the M2 isoform is switched to the M1 isoform, aerobic glycolysis is reduced and oxidative phosphorylation is increased in cancer cells (1). These cells also show decreased tumorigenicity in mouse xenografts (1). Recent studies show that the oncogenic forms of FGFR1 directly phosphorylate Tyr105 of PKM2 and thereby inhibit the formation of active tetrameric PKM2 (4). A PKM2 mutant found in cancer cells, in which Tyr105 is replaced by phenylalanine, leads to reduced cell proliferation in hypoxia and tumor growth in xenografts in nude mice (4). These findings suggest that the phosphorylation at Tyr105 is a critical switch for the metabolism in cancer cells that promotes tumor growth (4).
Function: Glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, generating ATP. Stimulates POU5F1-mediated transcriptional activation. Plays a general role in caspase independent cell death of tumor cells. The ratio between the highly active tetrameric form and nearly inactive dimeric form determines whether glucose carbons are channeled to biosynthetic processes or used for glycolytic ATP production. The transition between the 2 forms contributes to the control of glycolysis and is important for tumor cell proliferation and survival.
Subunit Structure: Monomer and homotetramer. Exists as a monomer in the absence of D-fructose 1, 6-bisphosphate (FBP), and reversibly associates to form a homotetramer in the presence of FBP. The monomeric form binds T3. Tetramer formation induces pyruvate kinase activity. The tetrameric form has high affinity for the substrate and is associated within the glycolytic enzyme complex. Exists in a nearly inactive dimeric form in tumor cells and the dimeric form has less affinity for the substrate. Binding to certain oncoproteins such as HPV-16 E7 oncoprotein can trigger dimerization. FBP stimulates the formation of tetramers from dimers. Interacts with HERC1, POU5F1 and PML. Interacts (isoform M2) with EGLN3; the interaction hydroxylates PKM under hypoxia and enhances binding to HIF1A. Interacts (isoform M2) with HIF1A; the interaction is enhanced by binding of EGLN3, promoting enhanced transcription activity under hypoxia. Interacts (isoform M2, but not isoform M1) with TRIM35; this interaction prevents FGFR1-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation (PubMed:25263439).
Post-translational Modifications: ISGylated. Under hypoxia, hydroxylated by EGLN3. Acetylation at Lys-305 is stimulated by high glucose concentration, it decreases enzyme activity and promotes its lysosomal-dependent degradation via chaperone-mediated autophagy.FGFR1-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation is reduced by interaction with TRIM35.
Similarity: Belongs to the pyruvate kinase family.
Applications Tested/Suitable for anti-PKM2 antibody
Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC), ELISA (EIA)
Application Notes for anti-PKM2 antibody
WB: 1:500-1:2000
IHC: 1:50-1:200

Western Blot (WB) of anti-PKM2 antibody
Western blot analysis of extracts of HELA, using PKM2 antibody|. The lane on the left is treated with the antigen-specific peptide.
anti-PKM2 antibody Western Blot (WB) (WB) image
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) of anti-PKM2 antibody
Immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded Human brain using PKM2 Antibody.
anti-PKM2 antibody Immunohistochemistry (IHC) (IHC) image
NCBI/Uniprot data below describe general gene information for PKM2. It may not necessarily be applicable to this product.
NCBI GI #
NCBI GeneID
NCBI Accession #
NCBI GenBank Nucleotide #
UniProt Primary Accession #
UniProt Secondary Accession #
UniProt Related Accession #
Molecular Weight
Observed: 58 kDa
Predicted: 58 kDa
NCBI Official Full Name
pyruvate kinase PKM isoform c
NCBI Official Synonym Full Names
pyruvate kinase M1/2
NCBI Official Symbol
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols
PK3; TCB; OIP3; PKM2; CTHBP; THBP1; HEL-S-30
  [Similar Products]
NCBI Protein Information
pyruvate kinase PKM
UniProt Protein Name
Pyruvate kinase PKM
UniProt Synonym Protein Names
Cytosolic thyroid hormone-binding protein; CTHBP; Opa-interacting protein 3; OIP-3; Pyruvate kinase 2/3; Pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme; Thyroid hormone-binding protein 1; THBP1; Tumor M2-PK; p58
UniProt Gene Name
UniProt Synonym Gene Names
OIP3; PK2; PK3; PKM2; CTHBP; OIP-3; THBP1  [Similar Products]
NCBI Summary for PKM2
This gene encodes a protein involved in glycolysis. The encoded protein is a pyruvate kinase that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP, generating ATP and pyruvate. This protein has been shown to interact with thyroid hormone and may mediate cellular metabolic effects induced by thyroid hormones. This protein has been found to bind Opa protein, a bacterial outer membrane protein involved in gonococcal adherence to and invasion of human cells, suggesting a role of this protein in bacterial pathogenesis. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding a few distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]
UniProt Comments for PKM2
Glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, generating ATP. Stimulates POU5F1-mediated transcriptional activation. Plays a general role in caspase independent cell death of tumor cells. The ratio between the highly active tetrameric form and nearly inactive dimeric form determines whether glucose carbons are channeled to biosynthetic processes or used for glycolytic ATP production. The transition between the 2 forms contributes to the control of glycolysis and is important for tumor cell proliferation and survival.
Precautions
All of MyBioSource's Products are for scientific laboratory research purposes and are not for diagnostic, therapeutics, prophylactic or in vivo use. Through your purchase, you expressly represent and warrant to MyBioSource that you will properly test and use any Products purchased from MyBioSource in accordance with industry standards. MyBioSource and its authorized distributors reserve the right to refuse to process any order where we reasonably believe that the intended use will fall outside of our acceptable guidelines.
Disclaimer
While every efforts were made to ensure the accuracy of the information provided in this datasheet, MyBioSource will not be liable for any omissions or errors contained herein. MyBioSource reserves the right to make changes to this datasheet at any time without prior notice.

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