| UniProt Comments for ACTB
||ACTB: Actins are highly conserved proteins that are involved in various types of cell motility and are ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic cells. Polymerization of globular actin (G-actin) leads to a structural filament (F-actin) in the form of a two-stranded helix. Each actin can bind to 4 others. Identified in a mRNP granule complex, at least composed of ACTB, ACTN4, DHX9, ERG, HNRNPA1, HNRNPA2B1, HNRNPAB, HNRNPD, HNRNPL, HNRNPR, HNRNPU, HSPA1, HSPA8, IGF2BP1, ILF2, ILF3, NCBP1, NCL, PABPC1, PABPC4, PABPN1, RPLP0, RPS3, RPS3A, RPS4X, RPS8, RPS9, SYNCRIP, TROVE2, YBX1 and untranslated mRNAs. Component of the BAF complex, which includes at least actin (ACTB), ARID1A, ARID1B/BAF250, SMARCA2, SMARCA4/BRG1, ACTL6A/BAF53, ACTL6B/BAF53B, SMARCE1/BAF57 SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCC2/BAF170, SMARCB1/SNF5/INI1, and one or more of SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD2/BAF60B, or SMARCD3/BAF60C. In muscle cells, the BAF complex also contains DPF3. Found in a complex with XPO6, Ran, ACTB and PFN1. Component of the MLL5-L complex, at least composed of MLL5, STK38, PPP1CA, PPP1CB, PPP1CC, HCFC1, ACTB and OGT. Interacts with XPO6 and EMD. Interacts with ERBB2. Interacts with GCET2. Belongs to the actin family.
Protein type: Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Cytoskeletal
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 7p22
Cellular Component: cortical cytoskeleton; extracellular space; NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex; focal adhesion; protein complex; postsynaptic density; ribonucleoprotein complex; cytosol; nucleoplasm; cytoskeleton; membrane; axon; cytoplasm; nuclear chromatin; plasma membrane
Molecular Function: protein binding; nucleosomal DNA binding; structural constituent of cytoskeleton; kinesin binding; Tat protein binding; nitric-oxide synthase binding; protein kinase binding; ATP binding
Biological Process: axon guidance; intercellular junction assembly and maintenance; establishment and/or maintenance of chromatin architecture; protein folding; 'de novo' posttranslational protein folding; retinal homeostasis; cellular protein metabolic process; substantia nigra development; ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling; ephrin receptor signaling pathway; innate immune response; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway; cell motility; blood coagulation
Disease: Dystonia, Juvenile-onset; Baraitser-winter Syndrome 1