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Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter

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In the visual cycle, acts as an inward-directed retinoid flipase, retinoid substrates imported by ABCA4 from the extracellular or intradiscal (rod) membrane surfaces to the cytoplasmic membrane surface are all-trans-retinaldehyde (ATR) and N-retinyl-phosphatidyl-ethanolamine (NR-PE). Once transported to the cytoplasmic surface, ATR is reduced to vitamin A by trans-retinol dehydrogenase (tRDH) and then transferred to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) where it is converted to 11-cis-retinal. May play a role in photoresponse, removing ATR/NR-PE from the extracellular photoreceptor surfaces during bleach recovery (By similarity).

Below are the list of possible Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter products. If you cannot find the target and/or product is not available in our catalog, please click here to contact us and request the product or submit your request for custom elisa kit production, custom recombinant protein production or custom antibody production. Custom ELISA Kits, Recombinant Proteins and Antibodies can be designed, manufactured and produced according to the researcher's specifications.
 

Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter

 Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter ELISA Kit
 Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter Recombinant
 Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter Antibody
Also known as Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter (ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 4) (RIM ABC transporter) (RIM protein) (RmP).
ABCA4: In the visual cycle, acts as an inward-directed retinoid flipase, retinoid substrates imported by ABCA4 from the extracellular or intradiscal (rod) membrane surfaces to the cytoplasmic membrane surface are all-trans-retinaldehyde (ATR) an
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d N-retinyl-phosphatidyl-ethanolamine (NR-PE). Once transported to the cytoplasmic surface, ATR is reduced to vitamin A by trans- retinol dehydrogenase (tRDH) and then transferred to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) where it is converted to 11-cis-retinal. May play a role in photoresponse, removing ATR/NR-PE from the extracellular photoreceptor surfaces during bleach recovery. Defects in ABCA4 are the cause of Stargardt disease type 1 (STGD1). STGD is one of the most frequent causes of macular degeneration in childhood. It is characterized by macular dystrophy with juvenile-onset, rapidly progressive course, alterations of the peripheral retina, and subretinal deposition of lipofuscin-like material. STGD1 inheritance is autosomal recessive. Defects in ABCA4 are the cause of fundus flavimaculatus (FFM). FFM is an autosomal recessive retinal disorder very similar to Stargardt disease. In contrast to Stargardt disease, FFM is characterized by later onset and slowly progressive course. Defects in ABCA4 may be a cause of age-related macular degeneration type 2 (ARMD2). ARMD is a multifactorial eye disease and the most common cause of irreversible vision loss in the developed world. In most patients, the disease is manifest as ophthalmoscopically visible yellowish accumulations of protein and lipid (known as drusen) that lie beneath the retinal pigment epithelium and within an elastin-containing structure known as Bruch membrane. Defects in ABCA4 are the cause of cone-rod dystrophy type 3 (CORD3). CORDs are inherited retinal dystrophies belonging to the group of pigmentary retinopathies. CORDs are characterized by retinal pigment deposits visible on fundus examination, predominantly in the macular region, and initial loss of cone photoreceptors followed by rod degeneration. This leads to decreased visual acuity and sensitivity in the central visual field, followed by loss of peripheral vision. Severe loss of vision occurs earlier than in retinitis pigmentosa. Defects in ABCA4 are the cause of retinitis pigmentosa type 19 (RP19). RP leads to degeneration of retinal photoreceptor cells. Patients typically have night vision blindness and loss of midperipheral visual field. As their condition progresses, they lose their far peripheral visual field and eventually central vision as well. RP19 is characterized by choroidal atrophy. Inheritance is autosomal recessive. Belongs to the ABC transporter superfamily. ABCA family.

Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Transporter; Transporter, ABC family

Cellular Component: integral to plasma membrane; intracellular membrane-bound organelle; photoreceptor outer segment

Molecular Function: ATPase activity; ATPase activity, coupled to transmembrane movement of substances; phospholipid transporter activity; phospholipid-translocating ATPase activity

Biological Process: phospholipid transfer to membrane; phospholipid translocation; photoreceptor cell maintenance; visual perception
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