CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: 2 pyruvate = 2-acetolactate + CO(2).PATHWAY: Amino-acid biosynthesis; L-isoleucine biosynthesis; L-isoleucine from 2-oxobutanoate: step 1/4.; PATHWAY: Amino-acid biosynthesis; L-valine biosynthesis; L-valine from pyruvate: step 1/4.
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Bifunctional acetohydroxybutanoate synthase / acetolactate synthase (IlvB/N) carries out both the first step in valine biosynthesis and the second step in isoleucine biosynthesis. [More information is available at EcoCyc: EG10494].
Catalyzes the first step in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids.
Catalyzes the conversion of 2 pyruvate molecules into acetolactate in the first common step of the biosynthetic pathway of the branched-amino acids such as leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Also involved in condensing pyruvate and 2-ketobutyrate to form 2-aceto-2-hydroxybutyrate.
Catalyzes the conversion of 2 pyruvate molecules into acetolactate in the first common step of the biosynthetic pathway of the branched-amino acids such as leucine, isoleucine, and valine.
Regulatory subunit of acetohydroxy-acid synthase. Involved in the feed-back inhibition by branched-chain amino acids. Contains 2 repeats, each of them being able to activate partially the catalytic subunit. The enzyme reconstituted with the first repeat is inhibited by leucine, but not by valine or isoleucine and the enzyme reconstituted with the second repeat is not inhibited by any branched-chain amino acid.
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