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Acyl-CoA desaturase

Stearyl-CoA desaturase that utilizes O(2) and electrons from reduced cytochrome b5 to introduce the first double bond into saturated fatty acyl-CoA substrates. Catalyzes the insertion of a cis double bond at the delta-9 position into fatty acyl-CoA substrates including palmitoyl-CoA and stearoyl-CoA (By similarity). Gives rise to a mixture of 16:1 and 18:1 unsaturated fatty acids. Plays an important role in lipid biosynthesis. Plays an important role in regulating the expression of genes that are involved in lipogenesis and in regulating mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (By similarity). Plays an important role in body energy homeostasis (By similarity). Contributes to the biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids, cholesterol esters and triglycerides (By similarity).

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Acyl-CoA desaturase

Also known as Acyl-CoA desaturase (Delta(9)-desaturase) (Delta-9 desaturase) (Fatty acid desaturase) (Stearoyl-CoA desaturase).
Stearyl-CoA desaturase that utilizes O2 and electrons from reduced cytochrome b5 to introduce the first double bond into saturated fatty acyl-CoA substrates. Catalyzes the insertion of a cis double bond at the delta-9 position into fatty acyl-CoA substrates including palmitoyl-CoA and stearoyl-CoA (). Gives rise to a mixture of 16:1 and 18:1 unsaturated fatty acids. Plays an important role in lipid biosynthesis. Plays an important role in regulating the expression of genes that are involved in lipogenesis and in regulating mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (). Plays an important role in body energy homeostasis (). Contributes to the biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids, cholesterol esters and triglycerides ().

Acyl-CoA desaturase 1

Also known as Acyl-CoA desaturase 1 (Delta 9 fatty acid desaturase) (Fatty acid desaturase 1) (Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1).
Stearyl-CoA desaturase that utilizes O2 and electrons from reduced cytochrome b5 to introduce the first double bond into saturated fatty acyl-CoA substrates (PubMed:1978720, PubMed:7947684). Catalyzes the insertion of a cis double bond at the delta-9 position into fatty acyl-CoA substrates including palmitoyl-CoA and stearoyl-CoA (PubMed:1978720). Required for the biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids, cholesterol esters and triglycerides (PubMed:1978720, PubMed:7947684, PubMed:16443825).

Acyl-CoA desaturase 2

Also known as Acyl-CoA desaturase 2 (Delta(9)-desaturase 2) (Delta-9 desaturase 2) (Fatty acid desaturase 2) (Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 2).
SCD2: Terminal component of the liver microsomal stearyl-CoA desaturase system, that utilizes O(2) and electrons from reduced cytochrome b5 to catalyze the insertion of a double bond into a spectrum of fatty acyl-CoA substrates including palmitoyl-CoA and stearoyl-CoA. Belongs to the fatty acid desaturase family.

Protein type: EC 1.14.19.1; Membrane protein, integral

Cellular Component: endoplasmic reticulum; endoplasmic reticulum membrane

Molecular Function: iron ion binding; palmitoyl-CoA 9-desaturase activity; stearoyl-CoA 9-desaturase activity

Biological Process: long-chain fatty acid biosynthetic process; unsaturated fatty acid biosynthetic process

Acyl-CoA desaturase 3

Also known as Acyl-CoA desaturase 3 (Delta(9)-desaturase 3) (Delta-9 desaturase 3) (Fatty acid desaturase 3) (Palmitoyl-CoA desaturase) (Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 3).
Scd3:

Cellular Component: endoplasmic reticulum membrane

Molecular Function: iron ion binding; palmitoyl-CoA 9-desaturase activity; stearoyl-CoA 9-desaturase activity

Biological Process: long-chain fatty acid biosynthetic process; unsaturated fatty acid biosynthetic process

Acyl-CoA desaturase 4

Also known as Acyl-CoA desaturase 4 (Delta(9)-desaturase 4) (Delta-9 desaturase 4) (Fatty acid desaturase 4) (Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 4).
Scd4:

Cellular Component: endoplasmic reticulum membrane; integral to membrane

Molecular Function: iron ion binding; palmitoyl-CoA 9-desaturase activity; stearoyl-CoA 9-desaturase activity

Biological Process: cellular response to nutrient; fatty acid biosynthetic process; long-chain fatty acid biosynthetic process; unsaturated fatty acid biosynthetic process
Proteins Root Name Listing
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