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Aldehyde dehydrogenase

CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: An aldehyde + NAD(+) + H(2)O = a carboxylate + NADH.PATHWAY: Alcohol metabolism; ethanol degradation; acetate from ethanol: step 2/2.

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Aldehyde dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+] 1

Cytoplasmic aldehyde dehydrogenase involved in ethanol oxidation. Required for pantothenic acid production through the conversion of 3-aminopropanal to beta-alanine, an intermediate in pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+] 2

Cytoplasmic aldehyde dehydrogenase involved in ethanol oxidation. Involved in pantothenic acid production through the conversion of 3-aminopropanal to beta-alanine, an intermediate in pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 22A1

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase 22A1 (Novel aldehyde dehydrogenase family 22 member A1).
Encodes a putative aldehyde dehydrogenase. The gene is not responsive to osmotic stress and is expressed constitutively at a low level in plantlets and root cultures.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 5

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase 5, mitochondrial.
Minor mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase isoform. Plays a role in regulation or biosynthesis of electron transport chain components. Involved in the biosynthesis of acetate during anaerobic growth on glucose.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase B

AldB has NADP-dependent acetaldehyde dehydrogenase activity , which may be identical to the activity detected by Heim and Strehler in crude cell extracts . [More information is available at EcoCyc: EG12292].

Aldehyde dehydrogenase PuuC

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase PuuC (3-hydroxypropionaldehyde dehydrogenase) (Gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase) (Gamma-Glu-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase).
PuuC is inferred to be the -glutamyl--aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase in a putrescine utilization pathway; together with PuuB, -glutamyl--aminobutyrate is produced from -glutamylputrescine . [More information is available at EcoCyc: EG10036].

Aldehyde dehydrogenase tropH

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase tropH (Tropolone synthesis protein H).
Aldehyde dehydrogenase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of the tropolone class of fungal maleic anhydrides (PubMed:22508998, PubMed:24863423). The pathway begins with the synthesis of 3-methylorcinaldehyde by the non-reducing polyketide synthase (PKS) tropA (PubMed:22508998). 3-methylorcinaldehyde is the substrate for the FAD-dependent monooxygenase tropB to yield a dearomatized hydroxycyclohexadione (PubMed:22508998, PubMed:24863423). The 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase tropC then performs the oxidative ring expansion to provide the first tropolone metabolite stipitaldehyde (PubMed:22508998, PubMed:24863423). Trop D converts stipitaldehyde into stipitacetal which is in turn converted to stipitalide by the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase tropE (PubMed:24863423). The next steps involve tropF, tropG, tropH, tropI and tropJ to form successive tropolone maleic anhydrides including stipitaldehydic, stipitatonic and stipitatic acids (PubMed:24863423).

Aldehyde dehydrogenase X

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase X, mitochondrial (Aldehyde dehydrogenase 5) (Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member B1).
ALDH1B1: ALDHs play a major role in the detoxification of alcohol-derived acetaldehyde. They are involved in the metabolism of corticosteroids, biogenic amines, neurotransmitters, and lipid peroxidation. Belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family.

Protein type: Amino Acid Metabolism - arginine and proline; Amino Acid Metabolism - histidine; Amino Acid Metabolism - lysine degradation; Amino Acid Metabolism - tryptophan; Amino Acid Metabolism - valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation; Carbohydrate Metabolism - ascorbate and aldarate; Carbohydrate Metabolism - butanoate; Carbohydrate Metabolism - glycolysis and gluconeogenesis; Carbohydrate Metabolism - propanoate; Carbohydrate Metabolism - pyruvate; EC 1.2.1.3; Lipid Metabolism - fatty acid; Lipid Metabolism - glycerolipid; Mitochondrial; Other Amino Acids Metabolism - beta-alanine; Oxidoreductase; Secondary Metabolites Metabolism - limonene and pinene degradation

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 9p11.1

Cellular Component: intracellular membrane-bound organelle; mitochondrial matrix; mitochondrion; nucleoplasm

Molecular Function: aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD) activity

Biological Process: ethanol oxidation

Aldehyde dehydrogenase, cytosolic 1

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase, cytosolic 1 (ALDH class 1) (ALDH-E1) (ALHDII) (Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member A7) (Aldehyde dehydrogenase phenobarbital-inducible).
ALDH1A7: Can oxidize benzaldehyde, propionaldehyde and acetaldehyde. No detectable activity with retinal. Belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family.

Protein type: EC 1.2.1.3; Oxidoreductase

Molecular Function: benzaldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity

Biological Process: retinoic acid metabolic process

Aldehyde dehydrogenase, dimeric NADP-preferring

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase, dimeric NADP-preferring (Aldehyde dehydrogenase 3) (Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member A1) (Corneal 15.8 kDa protein) (Corneal protein 54) (bCP54) (Transparentin).
ALDHs play a major role in the detoxification of alcohol-derived acetaldehyde (Probable). They are involved in the metabolism of corticosteroids, biogenic amines, neurotransmitters, and lipid peroxidation (Probable). Oxidizes medium and long chain aldehydes into non-toxic fatty acids (). Preferentially oxidizes aromatic aldehyde substrates (). Comprises about 50 percent of corneal epithelial soluble proteins (). May play a role in preventing corneal damage caused by ultraviolet light ().

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