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Aldehyde dehydrogenase family

NAD-dependent aldehyde dehydrogenase that catalyzes the formation of retinoic acid .

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Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member A3

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member A3 (Aldehyde dehydrogenase 6) (Retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 3) (RALDH-3) (RalDH3).
ALDH1A3: Recognizes as substrates free retinal and cellular retinol-binding protein-bound retinal. Seems to be the key enzyme in the formation of an RA gradient along the dorso-ventral axis during the early eye development and also in the development of the olfactory system. Belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family.

Protein type: Amino Acid Metabolism - histidine; Amino Acid Metabolism - phenylalanine; Amino Acid Metabolism - tyrosine; Carbohydrate Metabolism - glycolysis and gluconeogenesis; EC 1.2.1.5; Oxidoreductase; Xenobiotic Metabolism - drug metabolism - cytochrome P450; Xenobiotic Metabolism - metabolism by cytochrome P450

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 15q26.3

Cellular Component: cytoplasm; cytosol

Molecular Function: aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD) activity; aldehyde dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+] activity; protein homodimerization activity; retinal dehydrogenase activity

Biological Process: embryonic eye morphogenesis; retinal metabolic process; retinoic acid metabolic process

Disease: Microphthalmia, Isolated 8

Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 2 member C4

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 2 member C4 (ALDH1a) (Protein REDUCED EPIDERMAL FLUORESCENCE 1).
Arabidopsis thaliana aldehyde dehydrogenase AtALDH1a mRNA. a sinapaldehyde dehydrogenase catalyzes both the oxidation of coniferylaldehyde and sinapaldehyde forming ferulic acid and sinapic acid, respectively

Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member B1

Oxidizes medium and long chain saturated and unsaturated aldehydes. Metabolizes also benzaldehyde. Low activity towards acetaldehyde and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetaldehyde. May not metabolize short chain aldehydes. May use both NADP+ and NAD+ as cofactors. May have a protective role against the cytotoxicity induced by lipid peroxidation.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member B2

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member B2 (Aldehyde dehydrogenase 8).
ALDH3B2: a member of the aldehyde dehydrogenase family, a group of isozymes that may play a major role in the detoxification of aldehydes generated by alcohol metabolism and lipid peroxidation. The gene of this particular family member is over 10 kb in length. The expression of these transcripts is restricted to the salivary gland among the human tissues examined. Alternate transcriptional splice variants have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

Protein type: Amino Acid Metabolism - histidine; Amino Acid Metabolism - phenylalanine; Amino Acid Metabolism - tyrosine; Carbohydrate Metabolism - glycolysis and gluconeogenesis; EC 1.2.1.5; Oxidoreductase; Xenobiotic Metabolism - drug metabolism - cytochrome P450; Xenobiotic Metabolism - metabolism by cytochrome P450

Cellular Component: lipid particle

Molecular Function: 3-chloroallyl aldehyde dehydrogenase activity; aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD) activity

Biological Process: aldehyde metabolic process

Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member B3

Aldh3b3:

Cellular Component: cytoplasm; plasma membrane

Molecular Function: 3-chloroallyl aldehyde dehydrogenase activity; aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD) activity

Biological Process: aldehyde metabolic process

Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member H1

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member H1 (AtALDH4) (Ath-ALDH4).
Encodes an aldehyde dehydrogenase induced by ABA and dehydration that can oxidize saturated aliphatic aldehydes. It is also able to oxidize beta-unsaturated aldehydes, but not aromatic aldehydes. Activity of ALDH3H1 is NAD +-dependent.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member I1

Also known as Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member I1, chloroplastic (AtALDH3) (Ath-ALDH3).
Encodes an aldehyde dehydrogenase induced by ABA and dehydration that can oxidize saturated aliphatic aldehydes. It is also able to oxidize beta-unsaturated aldehydes, but not aromatic aldehydes. ALDH3I1 was able to use both NAD+ and NADP+ as cofactors.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 8 member A1

Converts 9-cis-retinal to 9-cis-retinoic acid. Has lower activity towards 13-cis-retinal. Has much lower activity towards all-trans-retinal. Has highest activity with benzaldehyde and decanal (in vitro). Has a preference for NAD, but shows considerable activity with NADP (in vitro) ().
Proteins Root Name Listing
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