Has a dual branch-promoting and guidance activity, which may play an important role in the patterning of mitral and tufted cell collaterals to the olfactory cortex (By similarity). Chemoattractant for fetal olfactory epithelial cells.
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KAL1: Has a dual branch-promoting and guidance activity, which may play an important role in the patterning of mitral and tufted cell collaterals to the olfactory cortex. Chemoattractant for fetal olfactory epithelial cells. Defects in KAL1 are the cause of Kallmann syndrome type 1 (KAL1); also known as hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia. Anosmia or hyposmia is related to the absence or hypoplasia of the olfactory bulbs and tracts. Hypogonadism is due to deficiency in gonadotropin-releasing hormone and probably results from a failure of embryonic migration of gonadotropin- releasing hormone-synthesizing neurons. In some patients other developmental anomalies can be present, which include renal agenesis, cleft lip and/or palate, selective tooth agenesis, and bimanual synkinesis. In some cases anosmia may be absent or inconspicuous.
Protein type: Extracellular matrix; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: Xp22.32
Cellular Component: extracellular region; extracellular space; proteinaceous extracellular matrix
Molecular Function: extracellular matrix structural constituent; protein binding
Biological Process: axon guidance; cell motility; chemotaxis; fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway
Disease: Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 1 With Or Without Anosmia
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