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Anthranilate synthase

CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: Chorismate + L-glutamine = anthranilate + pyruvate + L-glutamate.PATHWAY: Amino-acid biosynthesis; L-tryptophan biosynthesis; L-tryptophan from chorismate: step 1/5.

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Anthranilate synthase alpha subunit 1

Also known as Anthranilate synthase alpha subunit 1, chloroplastic.
Part of a heterotetrameric complex that catalyzes the two-step biosynthesis of anthranilate, an intermediate in the biosynthesis of L-tryptophan. In the first step, the glutamine-binding beta subunit of anthranilate synthase (AS) provides the glutamine amidotransferase activity which generates ammonia as a substrate that, along with chorismate, is used in the second step, catalyzed by the large alpha subunit of AS to produce anthranilate ().

Anthranilate synthase alpha subunit 2

Also known as Anthranilate synthase alpha subunit 2, chloroplastic (Anthranilate synthase component 1-2) (Anthranilate synthase component I-2).
Encode a functional anthranilate synthase protein. Expressed at a constitutive basal level. Expression was not induced by wounding nor bacterial pathogen infiltration. Involved in aromatic amino acid biosynthesis.

Anthranilate synthase beta subunit 1

Also known as Anthranilate synthase beta subunit 1, chloroplastic (Anthranilate synthase component 2-1) (Anthranilate synthase, glutamine amidotransferase component 2-1) (Protein TRYPTOPHAN BIOSYNTHESIS 4) (Protein WEAK ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE 7).
Catalyzes the first step of tryptophan biosynthesis: Chorismate L-Glutamine = Anthranilate Pyruvate L-Glutamate. Functions as a heterocomplex with anthranilate synthase alpha subunit (ASA1 or ASA2).

Anthranilate synthase beta subunit 2

Also known as Anthranilate synthase beta subunit 2, chloroplastic (Anthranilate synthase component 2-2) (Anthranilate synthase, glutamine amidotransferase component 2-2).
Part of a heterotetrameric complex that catalyzes the two-step biosynthesis of anthranilate, an intermediate in the biosynthesis of L-tryptophan. In the first step, the glutamine-binding beta subunit of anthranilate synthase (AS) provides the glutamine amidotransferase activity which generates ammonia as a substrate that, along with chorismate, is used in the second step, catalyzed by the large alpha subunit of AS to produce anthranilate ().

Anthranilate synthase component 1, pyocyanine specific

Also known as Anthranilate synthase component 1, pyocyanine specific (AS) (ASI).
Part of a heterotetrameric complex that catalyzes the two-step biosynthesis of anthranilate, a precursor for Pseudomonas quinolone signal (2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4-quinolone; PQS) production which is required to induce the genes for the biosynthesis of the virulence factor pyocyanine (PCN), a characteristic blue-green phenazine pigment produced by P.aeruginosa. In the first step, the glutamine-binding beta subunit (PhnB) of anthranilate synthase (AS) provides the glutamine amidotransferase activity which generates ammonia as a substrate that, along with chorismate, is used in the second step, catalyzed by the large alpha subunit of AS (PhnA) to produce anthranilate.

Anthranilate synthase component 2, pyocyanine specific

Also known as Anthranilate synthase component 2, pyocyanine specific (AS) (ASII) (Anthranilate synthase, GATase component) (Anthranilate synthase, glutamine amidotransferase component).
Part of a heterotetrameric complex that catalyzes the two-step biosynthesis of anthranilate, a precursor for Pseudomonas quinolone signal (2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4-quinolone; PQS) production which is required to induce the genes for the biosynthesis of the virulence factor pyocyanine (PCN), a characteristic blue-green phenazine pigment produced by P.aeruginosa. In the first step, the glutamine-binding beta subunit (PhnB) of anthranilate synthase (AS) provides the glutamine amidotransferase activity which generates ammonia as a substrate that, along with chorismate, is used in the second step, catalyzed by the large alpha subunit of AS (PhnA) to produce anthranilate.

Anthranilate synthase, phenazine specific

Involved in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic, phenazine, a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic molecule having important roles in virulence, competition and biological control.

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