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Apolipoprotein B receptor

Macrophage receptor that binds to the apolipoprotein B48 (APOB) of dietary triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins (TRL) or to a like domain of APOB in hypertriglyceridemic very low density lipoprotein (HTG-VLDL). Binds and internalizes TRL when out of the context of the macrophage. May provide essential lipids to reticuloendothelial cells. Could also be involved in foam cell formation with elevated TRL and remnant lipoprotein (RLP). Mediates the rapid high-affinity uptake of chylomicrons (CM), HTG-VLDL, and trypsinized (tryp) VLDL devoid of APOE in vitro in macrophages.

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Apolipoprotein B receptor

Also known as Apolipoprotein B receptor (Apolipoprotein B-100 receptor) (Apolipoprotein B48 receptor) (apoB-48R).
APOB48R: Macrophage receptor that binds to the apolipoprotein B48 (APOB) of dietary triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins (TRL) or to a like domain of APOB in hypertriglyceridemic very low density lipoprotein (HTG-VLDL). Binds and internalizes TRL when out of the context of the macrophage. May provide essential lipids to reticuloendothelial cells. Could also be involved in foam cell formation with elevated TRL and remnant lipoprotein (RLP). Mediates the rapid high-affinity uptake of chylomicrons (CM), HTG- VLDL, and trypsinized (tryp) VLDL devoid of APOE in vitro in macrophages. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing.

Protein type: Receptor, misc.

Cellular Component: membrane

Molecular Function: very-low-density lipoprotein receptor activity

Biological Process: triacylglycerol metabolic process
Proteins Root Name Listing
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