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Arginyl-tRNA--protein transferase

Involved in the post-translational conjugation of arginine to the N-terminal aspartate or glutamate of a protein. This arginylation is required for degradation of the protein via the ubiquitin pathway. Does not arginylate cysteine residues.

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Arginyl-tRNA--protein transferase 1

Also known as Arginyl-tRNA--protein transferase 1 (Arginyltransferase 1) (R-transferase 1) (Arginine-tRNA--protein transferase 1).
ATE1: Involved in the post-translational conjugation of arginine to the N-terminal aspartate or glutamate of a protein. This arginylation is required for degradation of the protein via the ubiquitin pathway. Does not arginylate cysteine residues. Belongs to the R-transferase family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing.

Protein type: EC 2.3.2.8; Transferase

Cellular Component: cytoplasm; nucleus

Molecular Function: arginyltransferase activity; protein binding

Biological Process: protein arginylation

Arginyl-tRNA--protein transferase 2

Also known as Arginyl-tRNA--protein transferase 2 (Arginyltransferase 2) (R-transferase 2) (Arginine-tRNA--protein transferase 2) (AtATE2).
Encodes an arginyl-tRNA:protein arginyltransferase (ATE2), a component of the N-end rule pathway that targets protein degradation through the identity of the amino-terminal residue of specific protein substrates. Arabidopsis contains two ATE genes: At5g05700/ATE1, At3g11240/ATE2. Another component of the N-end rule pathway is At5g02310/PROTEOLYSIS6 (PRT6). PRT6 and ATE were shown to regulate seed after-ripening, seedling sugar sensitivity, seedling lipid breakdown, and abscisic acid (ABA) sensitivity of germination.

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