CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: L-aspartate + 2-oxoglutarate = oxaloacetate + L-glutamate. .
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Aspartate aminotransferase (AspC) is a multifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of aspartate, phenylalanine and other compounds via a transamination reaction. [More information is available at EcoCyc: EG10096].
Important for the metabolism of amino acids and Krebs-cycle related organic acids. In plants, it is involved in nitrogen metabolism and in aspects of carbon and energy metabolism.
Encodes the chloroplastic isozyme of aspartate aminotransferase. Involved in aspartate biosynthesis and nitrogen metabolism. mRNA is expressed in senescing leaves.
Required for symbiotic nitrogen fixation.
Biosynthesis of L-glutamate from L-aspartate or L-cysteine. Important regulator of levels of glutamate, the major excitatory neurotransmitter of the vertebrate central nervous system. Acts as a scavenger of glutamate in brain neuroprotection. The aspartate aminotransferase activity is involved in hepatic glucose synthesis during development and in adipocyte glyceroneogenesis. Using L-cysteine as substrate, regulates levels of mercaptopyruvate, an important source of hydrogen sulfide. Mercaptopyruvate is converted into H2S via the action of 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST). Hydrogen sulfide is an important synaptic modulator and neuroprotectant in the brain ().
Nitrogen metabolism. Major cytosolic isoenzyme controlling aspartate biosynthesis in the light.
Encodes aspartate aminotransferase (Asp4).
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