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Aspartate aminotransferase

CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: L-aspartate + 2-oxoglutarate = oxaloacetate + L-glutamate. .

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Aspartate aminotransferase

Also known as Aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT) (Transaminase A).
Aspartate aminotransferase (AspC) is a multifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of aspartate, phenylalanine and other compounds via a transamination reaction. [More information is available at EcoCyc: EG10096].

Aspartate aminotransferase 1

Also known as Aspartate aminotransferase 1 (Transaminase A).
Important for the metabolism of amino acids and Krebs-cycle related organic acids. In plants, it is involved in nitrogen metabolism and in aspects of carbon and energy metabolism.

Aspartate aminotransferase 3

Also known as Aspartate aminotransferase 3, chloroplastic (Protein YELLOW-LEAF-SPECIFIC GENE 4) (Transaminase A).
Encodes the chloroplastic isozyme of aspartate aminotransferase. Involved in aspartate biosynthesis and nitrogen metabolism. mRNA is expressed in senescing leaves.

Aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmic

Also known as Aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmic (cAspAT) (Cysteine aminotransferase, cytoplasmic) (Cysteine transaminase, cytoplasmic) (cCAT) (Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase 1) (Transaminase A).
Biosynthesis of L-glutamate from L-aspartate or L-cysteine. Important regulator of levels of glutamate, the major excitatory neurotransmitter of the vertebrate central nervous system. Acts as a scavenger of glutamate in brain neuroprotection. The aspartate aminotransferase activity is involved in hepatic glucose synthesis during development and in adipocyte glyceroneogenesis. Using L-cysteine as substrate, regulates levels of mercaptopyruvate, an important source of hydrogen sulfide. Mercaptopyruvate is converted into H2S via the action of 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST). Hydrogen sulfide is an important synaptic modulator and neuroprotectant in the brain ().

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