Non-reducing polyketide synthase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of endocrocin, a simple anthraquinone interesting for many biotechnological applications .
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Non-reducing polyketide synthase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of endocrocin, a simple anthraquinone interesting for many biotechnological applications (PubMed:22492455, PubMed:23592999). The pathway begins with the synthesis of atrochrysone thioester by the polyketide synthase (PKS) encA (PubMed:22492455). The atrochrysone carboxyl ACP thioesterase encB then breaks the thioester bond and releases the atrochrysone carboxylic acid from encA (PubMed:22492455). The atrochrysone carboxylic acid is then converted to endocrocin anthrone which is further oxidized into endocrocin by the anthrone oxygenase encC (PubMed:22492455). The exact function of encD has not been identified yet, but it negatively regulates endocrocin production, likely through the modification of endocrocin itself (PubMed:22492455).
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