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Atrochrysone carboxylic acid synthase

Non-reducing polyketide synthase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of endocrocin, a simple anthraquinone interesting for many biotechnological applications .

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Atrochrysone carboxylic acid synthase

Also known as Atrochrysone carboxylic acid synthase (ACAS) (Endocrocin synthesis protein A) (Non-reducing polyketide synthase encA).
Non-reducing polyketide synthase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of endocrocin, a simple anthraquinone interesting for many biotechnological applications (PubMed:22492455, PubMed:23592999). The pathway begins with the synthesis of atrochrysone thioester by the polyketide synthase (PKS) encA (PubMed:22492455). The atrochrysone carboxyl ACP thioesterase encB then breaks the thioester bond and releases the atrochrysone carboxylic acid from encA (PubMed:22492455). The atrochrysone carboxylic acid is then converted to endocrocin anthrone which is further oxidized into endocrocin by the anthrone oxygenase encC (PubMed:22492455). The exact function of encD has not been identified yet, but it negatively regulates endocrocin production, likely through the modification of endocrocin itself (PubMed:22492455).

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