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Atromentin synthetase

The L-tyrosine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase atrD and the atromentin synthetase atrA catalyze consecutive steps to turn over L-tyrosine into atromentin, which represents the generic precursor molecule for the entire terphenylquinone and pulvinic acid family of pigments, which are widely distributed secondary metabolites in homobasidiomycetes .

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Atromentin synthetase

Also known as Atromentin synthetase (Atromentin biosynthesis protein A) (Nonribosomal peptide synthase atrA).
The L-tyrosine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase atrD and the atromentin synthetase atrA catalyze consecutive steps to turn over L-tyrosine into atromentin, which represents the generic precursor molecule for the entire terphenylquinone and pulvinic acid family of pigments, which are widely distributed secondary metabolites in homobasidiomycetes (PubMed:18805498). The first step is catalyzed by atrD which converts L-tyrosine in to 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate (4-HPP) (PubMed:18805498). Adenylation of two 4-HPP monomers by the atrA adenylation (A) domain, ester bond formation between monomers and atrA, and symmetric C-C-bond formation between two monomers by atrA leads to atromentin (PubMed:18805498).

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