As per the new findings, two doses of HPV vaccine confer necessary immunity to youngsters against the sexually transmitted disease. Previously, three doses were advocated by monitoring health agencies in the country for youngsters.
CDC in its new set of guidelines recommends two doses of the vaccine for teens younger than 15. However, three doses are still advised for older teens.
The new study was commissioned by Merck & Co. which make two vaccines for HPV. About 79 million are carrying HPV as per CDC estimates. HPV is known to cause cancer of the penis, throat, and anus. CDC also noted that the vaccine is effective against pre-cancers and genital warts.
In 2015, 28% and 42% of Boys and Girls respectively obtained three doses of vaccine. The vaccination program comes at no costs even to children who have no coverage, as per the health regulator.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of 150 related viruses. In most cases, HPV leaves on its own but the risk of cancer in organs that carry out reproductive functions increase due to HPV. It is a common virus and all men and women get it at some point in their lives. The transmission of HPV happens through intimate skin-to-skin contact. Also, HPV is transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
cervical cancer caused by HPV is the second common form of cancer in women worldwide. Nearly 600 thousand cases of cervical cancer were reported, resulting nearly in 300 thousand deaths. 85% of deaths related to cervical cancer occurs in countries outside North America.
It is important to understand HPV vaccines do not protect against all HPV types. Therefore, routine checks for precancerous changes in cervical cells becomes more than necessary. Cervical cancer screening includes HPV DNA test and Pap test.